Originally Posted by YT2095
in it`s simplest form, it will contain a citrate salt a sodium and potassium salt and some glucose, idealy at the correct molarity.
Humm ... sounds like a bottle/bag of Ringer's Lactate
to me (or Lactated Ringer's Solution if you want to get more formal). Well, when I first started it would have been in a 1 Litre glass bottle- now it comes in plastic bags ....
Basically - if you go to hospital for dehydration they do not give you water ... they give you something to replenish the water + electrolytes (Potassium and Sodium and sometimes glucose). Ringer's Lactate, D5W, or Normal Saline - or a combination by IV. Since we have Gatorade these days- if your are conscious, you'll probably be given some to drink as well as getting the IVs.
Dehydration is usually accompanied by a loss of electrolytes and just replenishing the water without replenishing the salts/minerals lost will result in hyponatremia
(water poisoning) which is caused by diluting the electolytes with water and not replacing the electrolytes that have also been lost. And, there is also a general loss of blood sugars which cause hypoglycemia
(low blood sugar) that can also lay you out on the deck, too.
Oh, FWIW - the color of the Gatorade is only indictive of it's flavor ... not it's composition (as per the Gatorade website