Corks, Capsules & Labels
Buonasera, Good Afternoon,
Part 3: Corks, and Wine Sealing ( Corks, Capsules & Labels )
The matter of how to seal a wine bottle has preoccupied man since antiquity. The wine had to be isolated from the air, to prevent it from turning into vinegar & to lengthen its life.
Oiled rags, strings, parchment, and wood and even a cap of oil were among the materials used, until cork was discovered in the 17th century.
Cork is extracted from the Cork Oak, Quercus Suber which is found in Portugal, Spain and other areas of the Mediterranean. The outer bark of the tree, is light, elastic, water proof and fire proof too.
It possesses a very low porosity level and regenerates rapidly.
Bottling & Labelling ...
Glass bottles have been used since The 2nd Century - Romans for preserving and the wine´s development in the case of Ageing Wines.
Before introducing the wine into the bottles, they have to be cleaned and correctly drained. This traditionally is carried out with a mixture of water with caustic soda and horsehair or special brushes. They are often left to drain facing downwards on supports known as hedge hogs.
The Capsule or foil on top of the bottle has 2 functions; firstly it covers the neck of the bottle to protect if from the exterior elements; and to ensure the wine is not tampered with once it leaves the wine estate.
The first capsules were made in the 18th century of sealing wax, and now tin foil are used.
2 Paper labels: are most commonly used to provide the name of the Wine, the Winery, The type of wine, and on the back of the bottle, its origin and the country and region the wine was made.
The earliest date back to the 18th century and were written by hand. Currently, the back label has a registration number, which guarantees that the wine has been made to comply with the Guidelines of the Region, Province or State, Country of origin.
If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to enquire,
Have a lovely summer,
Ciao, Margaux Cintrano.