Looking at your list, I would probably make a salad using the Romaine Lettuce, tomato, cucumber, pepper, red onion, and thin slices (julienne) of smoked salmon. I'd dress this with an oil-vinegar-dijon mustard dressing. You could make some croutons from the bread and add those to the salad if you like croutons. Cut a slice or two into cubes, brush with a bit of oil, and toast in the oven for about 15 minutes at 350. Then I would probably cook the beans and toss them with a bit of oil or butter and some curry powder or masala. I'd serve the beans with the steak, grilled. You could take the ham, broccoli, and rice and make a casserole. You could make a Mexican inspired casserole (sort of like Spanish Rice) using the ground beef, jalepeno, tomato, and cilantro, rice.
When shopping, get in the habit of buying what is in season or on special, then figure out what to do with it. Thanks to the Internet, you can type a main ingredient and get lots of hits.
And welcome to DC!