They are called capsicums in Australia, but just 'peppers' in the UK (the red/green/yellow peppers which have little heat, not hot chilis like scotch bonnets etc).
Here's a bit from Wikipedia about the various names given to the same thing around the globe.
The name given to the fruits varies between English-speaking countries.
and New Zealand
, heatless species are called "capsicums" while hot ones are called "chilli/chillies" (two L's). The term "bell peppers" is rarely used, usually in reference to C. annuum and other varieties which look like a "capsicum" or bell but are fairly hot. A common Australian mispronunciation is "capsicun."
In the United Kingdom
, and Canada
, the heatless varieties are called "peppers" or "sweet peppers" (or "green peppers," "red peppers," etc) while the hot ones are "chilli/chillies" (two L's) or "chilli peppers".
In the United States
, the common heatless species is referred to as "bell peppers," "sweet peppers," "red/green/etc peppers," or simply "peppers", while the hot species are collectively called "chile/chiles," "chili/chilies," or "chili/chile peppers" (one L only). In many midwestern
regions of the United States the Sweet Bell Pepper is commonly called a mango
. Merriam-Webster Definition
With the modern advent of fresh tropical fruit importers exposing a wider latitude of individuals to the tropical fruit variety of the Mango, this definition is becoming archaic. However many menus still call a stuffed Bell Pepper a Mango
The name "pepper" came into use because the plants were hot in the same sense as the condiment black pepper
, Piper nigrum
. But there is no botanical relationship with this plant, nor with Sichuan Pepper
In Spanish-speaking countries there are many different names for each variety and preparation. The dominant Spanish
term is chile
, though Pacific South American
countries, such as Chile
, whose name is unrelated, use ají
capsicum is commonly called 'Shimla Mirch'. Shimla
incidentally is a popular hill-station in India. However English speakers in India use the word 'capsicum'.
capsicum is commonly called pilpel
, meaning pepper in Hebrew